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Midazolam: Midazolam also known by its brand
name Versed is classified as a benzodiazepine sedative hypnotic.
It is often given preoperatively to reduce anxiety and initiate
sedation. Benzodiazepines are used for preoperative preparation,
sedation, induction of anesthesia, and may be used to suppress
seizure activity. An important and desirable effect of midazolam
is that it produces anterograde amnesia or the suppression of
recall after administration. Other favorable effects include minimal
ventilation depression, minimal cardiovascular depression, rare
incidence of physical dependence, absence of allergic reactions,
and the ability to quickly counter the effects with a selective
benzodiazepine antagonist. Side effects to be aware of may include
feeling a “hangover,” lethargy, muscle or joint pain,
mental depression, distortions of mood, impaired coordination,
and in some cases restlessness before falling asleep.